An estimated 2 million Americans or 1% of the American population is affected by schizophrenia1. Both men and women are affected in equal numbers, although onset is slightly later in women. People with schizophrenia suffer severe disturbances in thinking, social and emotions such as hearing internal voices not heard by others, or believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them.
While there are available treatments that can relieve some of the symptoms, these medications cause significant side effects such as involuntary motor activity, weight gain, and social withdrawal.
In animal studies to date: